Xu Bing''s family originated from Zhejiang Wenling. He was born in 1955 in Chongqing, and began studying engraving at the Beijing Central Academy of Art. He graduated in 1981 and became a teacher there. He received his master''''s degree at the same school in 1987, and the Young University Teacher 1st Prize from the State Education Commission and Huo Yingdong Education Fund in 1988. In 1990, he moved to New York as an honor artist under invitation from the University of Wisconsin, staying there until 2007. He received the MacArthur Award, the top award in US culture, in 1999, the 14th Fukuoka Asian Culture Award in 2003, and the first Artes Mundi International Visual Art Award and the 96th Youth Friends Award from the New York City Board of Education and High School Education Art Committee in 2004. He was also listed among the 15 artists in the 2004 People in Review by American Art magazine. In 2007, the US National Engraving Artists Society awarded him a Lifetime Engraving Achievement Award. His works have been shown and collected by many famous museums worldwide, and written about in many international art history textbooks.